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In the pharmaceutical, building materials and food industries, on vessels and silos, on platforms and dosing systems, right around kitchen and bathroom scales ? weight is measured everywhere. In industry, it becomes particularly interesting when it comes to the particular level in vessels. There are numerous possibilities for weight measurement or weighing. pressure gauge octa filling level could be determined optically, hydrostatically, by ultrasound, microwaves and radar, mechanically, capacitively, by heat dissipation, by displacement and resistance or, what this short article is about, gravimetrically.
The term gravimetric comprises the Latin ?gravitas? for ?gravity? and the Greek ??? ??????? for ?measure?. In gravimetric measurement, therefore, the heaviness of the mass is combined with the weight force to form a meaningful value and therefore the level depends upon weighing vessels (the filling level results from the density of the medium and the geometry of the vessel). This makes gravimetric level measurement part of weighing technology.
Gravimetric level measurement is particularly suitable when uneven distribution may appear within the vessels.
Gravimetric level measurement: Advantages
This sort of weighing has several advantages. Possibly the greatest advantage is that the force transducers used for gravimetric level measurement can be found beyond your vessel. Thus, they do not come into contact with the product. Neither is it essential to open or modify the vessels. Contamination can thus be eliminated. Cleaning is also much easier. Furthermore, very precise measurement can be done ? 0.02 % of the rated load is not uncommon in terms of relative linearity error. This makes dosing possible when, for example, food is filled into bags ? and of course the packaging must support the amount specified.
Another advantage is that the merchandise does not influence the measurement. The level can be determined gravimetrically for all contents ? solids, liquids, viscous substances, foaming substances ? even toxic or aggressive contents can be considered. Furthermore, the measurement is not falsified even if voids or uneven contents distribution occur inside the silo or tank, as the entire contents are weighed.
Suitable mounting modules not only ensure that the weight force is properly led in to the force transducers, in addition they make installation very easy. The module and force transducer have a minimal height and a small installation volume. However, it really is problematic if the vessels already are permanently installed and may only be positioned on modules with a great deal of effort. Then it really is probably advisable to bolt strain transducers to the supports. The strain transducers determine the compression of the supports due to the weight of the contents. They thus be able to weigh immovable vessels gravimetrically.
Gravimetric level measurement: Disadvantages
The disadvantages of gravimetric level measurement vary in significance depending on the application. Results are mainly distorted when force shunts can’t be prevented. Ideally, the vessel should be mechanically decoupled. Used, however, it could always happen that, for instance, struts are essential. Then it depends on what great their supporting effect is. Similar problems can occur if the measurement is influenced by way of a high bearing weight. The low the weight of the vessel compared to the product, the more accurate the gravimetric measurement. Finally, free-standing outdoor vessels can be suffering from natural factors. For instance, if wind pushes or snow leads to a significant upsurge in weight.
Typical force transducers for the weighing of vessels
Single point load cells are classically used for scales. These not only have a minimal price and high accuracy, but the weight is also determined reliably, no matter where it is positioned on the platform. For optimal force introduction, bending or shear beams with the corresponding weighing modules are usually installed under tanks, silos or vessels that stand on supports. To determine the rated load of these force transducers, divide the full total weight of the vessel by the number of supports. If the rated load exceeds 10 t, it is possible to switch to compression force transducers, the utmost capacity which reaches around 300 t. With four supports, vessels as high as 1,200 t can be weighed with the best accuracy. Alternatively, vessels could be suspended from S-type force transducers or fitted with strain transducers.
Note
Level could be measured in many various ways. Whether gravimetric as described, or with a submersible pressure sensor, float switch or pressure sensor ? WIKA gets the right sensor for every application. Do you want to buy the products? Inside our WIKA online-shop you will discover some of our standard designs. In case you have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
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